American Eskimo Dog

Breed Information


2022: #123

2021: #122

2020: #119

2015: #118


American Eskimo Dog (Toy, Miniature, Standard)

Other names

Eskimo Spitz, American Spitz, German Spitz, Eskie


United States


Breed Group

Non Sporting (AKC:1994)

Northern Breeds (UKC)


Small, Small to Medium



Life Span

12-15 years









Toy: 9-12 inches (22-30 cm)

Miniature: 12-15 inches (30-40 cm)

Standard: 15-20 inches (49-50 cm)


Toy: 6-10 pounds (3-5 kg)

Miniature: 10-17 pounds (5-8 kg)

Standard: 18-35 pounds (8-16 kg)


White, Biscuit & White

Litter Size

4-6 puppies

Puppy Prices

Average $1000 – $2000 USD

These playful and perky dogs are sweethearts of many American dog lovers, and their adaptability to the cold environment makes them especially sought after in the Northern United States. Puppies of this breed can go for anywhere between 1000 to 2000 USD.

Disclaimer: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet.

Breed Characteristics



Apartment Friendly


The American Eskimo will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It is very active indoors and a small yard will be sufficient

Barking Tendencies



Cat Friendly


Child Friendly


Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.

Dog Friendly


Exercise Needs


The American Eskimo Dog (Toy) requires less exercise than the standard breed, but should be given the occasional workout or walk. Provide plenty of water and shade during exercise to avoid overheating from the heavy coat.

The American Eskimo Dog (Miniature) requires less exercise than the standard breed, but should be given the occasional workout or walk. Provide plenty of water and shade during exercise to avoid overheating from the heavy coat.

The American Eskimo Dog (Standard) needs a good workout every day and should be taken for a long jog or walk. Provide plenty of water and shade during exercise to avoid overheating from the heavy coat. Eskies enjoy dog sports. Without interaction they may become bored and destructive.



Moderate Maintenance: With a dense undercoat and a longer outer coat of guard hairs they are heavy shedders. Weekly brushing is recommended to control shedding and keep the Eksie’s coat neat and free of mats. Trim nails on a regular basis to keep their feet in good condition. Check their prick ears regularly for any accumulated dirt, wax or debris that make get stuck in their thick hair that covers the ears. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Health Issues


Hypoallergenic: No

Prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Pay close attention to the eyes and tear ducts. Some are allergic to fleas. This breed can gain weight easily if it does not get enough exercise and/or is overfed.



Ranking: # Full Ranking List



Shedding Level


Constant Shedding: Expect this dog to shed frequently. Be prepared to vacuum often. Brushing will reduce shedding as well as make the coat softer and cleaner.

Stranger Friendly




Moderately Easy Training: American Eskimo Dogs learn quickly and are eager to please. Harsh training techniques are not appropriate. American Eskimo Dogs should be trained early in life. Obedience training is recommended.

Watchdog Ability



When it comes to canine companions, the American Eskimo Dog stands out with its captivating characteristics. From their fluffy appearance to their lively demeanor, these dogs have charmed their way into the hearts of many. In this guide, we’ll delve into the remarkable traits that define the American Eskimo Dog breed. Whether you’re considering adopting one or are simply curious, this article will provide valuable insights into their unique qualities.

American Eskimo Dog Breed Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog breed characteristics encompass a range of physical and behavioral traits that set them apart from other breeds. Let’s take a closer look at what makes them truly special:

Distinctive Appearance

The American Eskimo Dog boasts a luxurious double coat that comes in three size varieties: Toy, Miniature, and Standard. Their fluffy white coat and dark eyes give them a striking appearance, reminiscent of their Northern heritage. The bushy tail curls over their back, adding to their charm.

Intelligent and Trainable

Renowned for their high intelligence, American Eskimo Dogs are quick learners. They thrive on mental stimulation and enjoy learning new tricks and commands. This characteristic makes them ideal candidates for various canine sports and activities.

Energetic and Playful

With their boundless energy, American Eskimo Dogs are always ready for a game of fetch or a brisk walk. Their playful nature makes them wonderful companions for active individuals and families with children.

Loyal and Protective

These dogs form strong bonds with their families and are naturally protective. They will alert you to any potential intruders with their distinctive bark, making them excellent watchdogs.

Social and Friendly

Despite their alertness, American Eskimo Dogs are generally social and friendly. They enjoy being around people and other dogs, making them great pets for households with multiple animals.

Grooming Needs

Due to their thick double coat, these dogs require regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain their beauty. Brushing a few times a week, along with occasional baths, will keep their coat healthy and shiny.

History and Heritage

Contrary to their name, American Eskimo Dogs are not of Eskimo origin. They actually descended from various European Spitz breeds and were popular performers in circuses during the early 20th century.

Health Considerations

While generally robust, American Eskimo Dogs are prone to certain health issues like hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet can help mitigate these risks.

Conclusion: Embracing the Uniqueness of American Eskimo Dog Breed Characteristics

In conclusion, the American Eskimo Dog breed characteristics combine beauty, intelligence, and loyalty in a truly captivating package. Their distinctive appearance, coupled with their friendly and trainable nature, makes them exceptional companions for the right families. By understanding their qualities and providing them with proper care, you can enjoy a fulfilling and enriching relationship with these wonderful dogs.


Are American Eskimo Dogs suitable for apartment living?

Yes, they can adapt well to apartment living if provided with enough exercise and mental stimulation.

Do they get along with children?

Yes, their playful and gentle nature makes them good companions for kids.

How often should I groom my American Eskimo Dog?

Regular grooming, including brushing and occasional baths, should be done to maintain their coat.

Are they prone to excessive barking?

Their alert nature can lead to barking, but with proper training and socialization, this behavior can be managed.

Can they excel in dog sports?

Absolutely! Their intelligence and agility make them great contenders in various dog sports and activities.

Do American Eskimo Dogs have a strong prey drive?

While they may exhibit some prey drive, early socialization can help them coexist peacefully with smaller pets.

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