American Water Spaniel

Breed Information


2022: #166

2021: #166

2020: #158

2015: #157


American Water Spaniel

Other names

AWS, American Brown Spaniel, American Brown Water Spaniel


United States

Breed Group

Sporting (AKC:1940)

Gun Dog (UKC)


Small to Medium



Life Span

10-13 years









15-18 inches (36-46 cm)


25-45 pounds (11-20 kg)


Chocolate, Brown, Liver

Litter Size

4-6 puppies

Puppy Prices

Average $1200 – $1500 USD

The American Water Spaniel remains a rare breed. In general, the average price for an American Water Spaniel pup from a responsible, reputable and knowledgeable breeder is between $1,200 – $1,500.

Disclaimer: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet.

Breed Characteristics



Apartment Friendly


American Water Spaniels will do okay in an apartment as long as they get enough exercise. They are moderately active indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard. Like to roam in search of quarry.

Barking Tendencies



Cat Friendly


Child Friendly


Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.

Dog Friendly


Exercise Needs


The American Water Spaniel should have a lot of physical exercise, which includes long daily walks.



Moderate Maintenance: Expect to comb and brush this breed’s curly double coat two or three times a week. Comb it first to prevent or remove mats and tangles. Do this every time your dog has been outside and picked up burrs or other debris. Use a slicker brush to remove dead hair. You may need to trim the coat every once in a while to give it a neat appearance. The AWS rarely needs a bath, but be sure to give him a thorough freshwater rinse after he has been in saltwater or a lake or pond with algae.

Health Issues


Hypoallergenic: No



Ranking: #44 Full Ranking List



Shedding Level


Minimal Shedding: This dog will shed a negligible amount. Recommended for owners who do not want to deal with dog hair in their cars and homes.

Stranger Friendly




Moderately Easy Training: Training won’t require too much attention and effort, though it won’t be easier than other breeds. Expect results to come gradually.

Watchdog Ability



Are you considering adding a furry friend to your family? The American Water Spaniel dog breed might just be the perfect companion for you. With their distinctive characteristics and charming personality, these dogs have a lot to offer. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of American Water Spaniels, exploring their appearance, temperament, history, care, and more. Whether you’re a seasoned dog owner or a first-time pet parent, this article will provide you with valuable insights to help you make an informed decision.

American Water Spaniel Dog Breed Characteristics

The American Water Spaniel is a medium-sized breed known for its versatility and adaptability. With a distinctive appearance and a friendly demeanor, these dogs make wonderful companions for families and individuals alike. Let’s take a closer look at the key characteristics that define the American Water Spaniel:

  • Appearance: American Water Spaniels are well-built dogs with a sturdy frame. They have a dense double coat that provides protection from the elements. Their coat comes in various colors, including brown, liver, and chocolate. Their expressive eyes and expressive ears add to their charm.
  • Temperament: One of the standout American Water Spaniel dog breed characteristics is their affectionate and loyal nature. They are known for forming strong bonds with their owners and are often eager to please. This breed is intelligent and trainable, making them suitable for various activities and tasks.
  • Energy Level: These dogs have a moderate to high energy level. They enjoy outdoor activities and require regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Whether it’s playing fetch, going for a hike, or swimming, American Water Spaniels thrive on physical and mental stimulation.
  • Social Interaction: American Water Spaniels are generally sociable and get along well with children, other pets, and strangers. Their friendly disposition makes them great companions for families with kids and other pets.
  • History: This breed has a rich history that dates back to the 19th century. Developed in the United States, American Water Spaniels were originally bred for hunting and retrieving in water. Their exceptional swimming abilities and determination made them valuable assets for hunters.

Grooming and Care

To ensure your American Water Spaniel remains healthy and happy, it’s essential to provide them with proper grooming and care. Here are some care tips:

  • Coat Care: Regular brushing is important to keep their coat free from tangles and mats. Their water-resistant coat benefits from occasional baths to maintain its cleanliness.
  • Exercise: Due to their energetic nature, daily exercise is crucial. Engage them in activities like fetching, running, and swimming to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
  • Training: With their intelligence and eagerness to please, American Water Spaniels are receptive to training. Positive reinforcement methods work best, and early socialization is key to their well-rounded development.


In conclusion, the American Water Spaniel dog breed characteristics encompass a blend of loyalty, intelligence, and energy. These dogs are well-suited for active families who can provide them with the exercise and mental stimulation they need. Their history as skilled water retrievers adds to their uniqueness, making them a versatile and charming breed to consider. By understanding their characteristics and providing them with the care they deserve, you’ll likely find a loyal and loving companion in the American Water Spaniel.


Are American Water Spaniels good with children?

Yes, American Water Spaniels are known for their friendly and gentle nature, making them great companions for children.

Do they require a lot of exercise?

Yes, these dogs have a moderate to high energy level and thrive on regular exercise and activities.

Are American Water Spaniels easy to train?

Absolutely! Their intelligence and willingness to please make them highly trainable dogs.

Do they shed a lot?

While they have a double coat, regular brushing can help manage shedding. They shed moderately throughout the year.

Can American Water Spaniels adapt to apartment living?

They can adapt to apartment living if provided with sufficient exercise and mental stimulation. However, access to outdoor spaces is beneficial.

Are they good swimmers?

Yes, American Water Spaniels are excellent swimmers due to their history as water retrievers.

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