Belgian Sheepdog

Breed Information


2022: #125

2021: #129

2020: #117

2015: #120


Belgian Sheepdog

Other names

Groenendael, Chien De Berger Belge



Breed Group

Herding (AKC:1912 & UKC)





Life Span

12-14 years












Male: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm)

Female: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm)


Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg)

Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg)


Black, Brindle, Cream, Fawn

Litter Size

6-10 puppies

Puppy Prices

Average $1500 – $3000 USD

An average puppy of this breed can go for $1,500, while a pedigree Belgian Sheepdog puppy can cost you upwards of $3,000.

Disclaimer: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet.

Breed Characteristics



Apartment Friendly


The Belgian Shepherd/Groenendael will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It is moderately active indoors and will do best with at least an average-sized yard. The Groenendael can sleep outdoors, although he prefers to be with his people.

Barking Tendencies



Cat Friendly


Child Friendly


Good with Kids: This is a suitable dog breed for kids. It is also friendly toward other pets and shy toward strangers.

Dog Friendly


Exercise Needs


This is a working dog that is accustomed to an active outdoor life. As such it needs a lot of exercise, including a long daily walk. In addition, it will greatly benefit being off the leash as much as possible in a safe area.



Moderate Maintenance: The Belgian Sheepdog shouldn’t need a bath very often (unless he rolls in something stinky), but frequent warm baths followed by thorough blow drying can help remove dead hair during shedding season. Try not to be too shocked by how your Belgian looks after he goes through a shed: his hair will grow back soon enough.

Health Issues


Hypoallergenic: NoThis hardy, healthy breed has no major health concerns. Some minor concerns that have been seen are epilepsy, skin allergies, eye problems, excessive shyness, excessive aggressiveness and occasionally hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. Do not overfeed this breed, for it has a tendency to become obese and lazy.



Ranking: #15 Full Ranking List



Shedding Level


Moderate Shedding: Belgian Sheepdogs shed once or twice a year and will need more frequent brushing during those times to control the amount of loose hair floating around (there will be bags full!). Lucky you if your Belgian lives in a warm climate: he won’t shed quite as much as his kin in colder climes.

Stranger Friendly




Moderately Easy Training: The Groenendael Belgian Shepherd should be trained gently, but with determination. Groenendael Belgian Shepherds are highly adverse to harsh treatment; hitting or yelling at them will only have negative effects. Best results are achieved through awards-based training methods. Groenendael Belgian Shepherds require mental stimulation, so training should not be overly repetitive. Obedience and sport-specific training (such as tracking or dog agility) will reap great benefits and allow the Groenendael Belgian Shepherd to realize its full potential.

Watchdog Ability


Belgian Sheepdog Dog Breed Characteristics

Introduction to the Belgian Sheepdog

The Belgian Sheepdog, a majestic and versatile breed, has long captured the hearts of many. But what makes this breed truly special? Let’s delve into the unique characteristics of the Belgian Sheepdog.

History and Origin

Originating from Belgium, the Belgian Sheepdog was primarily used for herding purposes. Over time, their agility and intelligence made them excellent candidates for various roles, from police dogs to companions.

Physical Appearance

Size and Weight
A medium to large-sized dog, the Belgian Sheepdog stands proud with a height ranging from 22 to 26 inches. Their weight can vary between 45 to 75 pounds, showcasing a balanced and athletic build.

Coat and Color
Their long, flowing double coat, predominantly black, not only adds to their elegance but also serves as protection from harsh weather conditions.

Temperament and Personality

With Family
Ever wondered what it’s like to have a shadow? With a Belgian Sheepdog around, you’ll know! They are incredibly loyal, forming strong bonds with their families.

With Other Animals
Their herding background means they might be a tad bit bossy with other pets. However, early socialization can make them great companions for other animals.

Training Needs

Starting their socialization early is crucial. This ensures that they are well-adjusted and comfortable in various environments.

Their intelligence can be a double-edged sword. While they pick up commands quickly, they also get bored easily. Keep training sessions engaging!

Health and Care

A balanced diet ensures that the Belgian Sheepdog stays active and healthy. High-quality dog food, tailored to their age, weight, and activity level, is essential.

That luxurious coat demands attention! Regular brushing is crucial to prevent matting and to keep their coat shiny.

The Benefits of Owning a Belgian Sheepdog

Loyalty and Companionship
Their unwavering loyalty and affection make them one of the best companions. They’re not just pets; they’re family.

Guarding Capabilities
Their alertness and protective nature make them excellent watchdogs. Rest assured, they’ll always have your back!


The Belgian Sheepdog is not just a breed; it’s an experience. Their loyalty, intelligence, and versatility make them a joy to have around. Whether you’re looking for a companion, a protector, or a furry family member, the Belgian Sheepdog checks all the boxes.


Is the Belgian Sheepdog suitable for first-time dog owners?

While they are loving and loyal, their intelligence and energy might be a bit challenging for first-timers. However, with proper training and patience, they can be a great match.

How often should I groom my Belgian Sheepdog?

Regular brushing, at least 2-3 times a week, is recommended. This helps in keeping their coat free from mats and tangles.

Are Belgian Sheepdogs hypoallergenic?

No, they are not hypoallergenic. Their long coat can shed, so they might not be suitable for people with severe allergies.

How much exercise does a Belgian Sheepdog need?

Being active dogs, they need a good amount of daily exercise. Long walks, play sessions, or even agility training can keep them happy.

Can Belgian Sheepdogs adapt to apartment living?

While they can adapt, they prefer open spaces due to their active nature. Regular exercise and mental stimulation are crucial if living in an apartment.

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