Border Collie

Breed Information


2022: #30

2021: #31

2020: #32

2015: #38


Border Collie

Other names

Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog


United Kingdom


Breed Group

Herding (AKC:1995 & UKC)





Life Span

12-15 years










Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm)

Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm)


Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg)

Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg)


Black, Brindle, Blue, Red, Golden, Lilac, Sable

Litter Size

4-8 puppies

Puppy Prices

Average $800 – $1500 USD

Usually, the average price of a Border Collie puppy from a reputable breeder is between $800 and $1,500, while a top-quality Border Collie puppy can cost as high as $3,500 and upward. Their price depends upon the pup’s age, sex, quality, pedigree, and breeder’s location.

Disclaimer: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet.

Breed Characteristics



Apartment Friendly


The Border Collie is not recommended for apartment life. They are very active indoors and do best with acreage. This breed will do fine in a kennel provided it has daily activity and sees plenty of its handler. This breed is not suited to life chained up in the backyard all day.

Barking Tendencies



Cat Friendly


Child Friendly


Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.

Dog Friendly


Exercise Needs


Physical exercise alone is not sufficient for this very intelligent and highly energetic dog. They want to work and must do so with body and mind as one, carrying out different tasks. Fast and agile, these lively little dogs have boundless energy and thrive on hard work and play. They should also be taken on a long, brisk daily walk. They are a delight to see streaking after a ball or bringing straying sheep back to the fold.



Moderate Maintenance: The Border Collie has a double coat that comes in two types. One is short and smooth, sometimes with a bit of feathering on the front legs. The other, known as a rough coat, is medium to long with hair that is flat or slightly wavy. Either way, expect to brush a Border Collie once or twice a week to remove dead hair and keep shedding to a minimum.

Health Issues


Hypoallergenic: No

The natural life span of the Border Collie is between 10 and 14 years, with an average lifespan of 12 years. The median longevities of breeds of similar size are usually 12 to 13 years. Leading causes of death are cancer (23.6%), old age (17.9%) and cerebral vascular afflictions (9.4%).



Ranking: #1 Full Ranking List

Considered highly intelligent, extremely energetic, acrobatic and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in sheepdog trials and dog sports. They are often cited as the most intelligent of all domestic dogs. Border Collies continue to be employed in their traditional work of herding livestock throughout the world.



Shedding Level


Moderate Shedding: Expect this dog to shed regularly. Be prepared to vacuum often. Brushing will reduce shedding as well as make the coat softer and cleaner.

Stranger Friendly




Easy Training: The Border Collie’s tremendous intelligence and desire to please make training fairly simple. Border Collies are sensitive and live for their master’s praise. They are very obedient and agile, able to be taught a great variety of tricks. They are eager to learn and play sports and games.

Watchdog Ability


Welcome to the world of Border Collies, a remarkable breed known for its intelligence, agility, and boundless energy. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into Border Collie Dog Breed Characteristics, providing you with valuable insights into their nature, history, and how to care for them. So, let’s embark on this journey to uncover the fascinating world of Border Collies.

Border Collie Dog Breed Characteristics

Border Collie Dog Breed Characteristics are as diverse as they are impressive. This section will highlight the key attributes that define these remarkable dogs.

Origins and History

The Border Collie’s history dates back to the 19th century when they were bred in the border regions between England and Scotland. Originally used as herding dogs, they quickly gained a reputation for their exceptional work ethic and intelligence.

Physical Appearance

Border Collies are medium-sized dogs with a well-proportioned body. They are known for their expressive eyes, which can be brown, blue, or even one of each. Their dense double coat comes in various colors, including black and white, red and white, and tri-color combinations.

Intelligence and Trainability

One of the standout characteristics of Border Collies is their remarkable intelligence. They are quick learners and excel in obedience training and agility competitions. Their problem-solving abilities make them a favorite among dog enthusiasts.

Energy Levels

Border Collies are renowned for their high energy levels. They thrive on physical activity and mental stimulation. Daily exercise and engaging activities are essential to keep them happy and healthy.


These dogs are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are incredibly loyal to their owners and get along well with children and other pets. However, their herding instincts can make them a bit bossy at times.


Proper socialization from a young age is crucial for Border Collies. Exposing them to various people, places, and situations helps prevent shyness or aggressive behavior as they grow older.

Health and Lifespan

Border Collies are generally healthy dogs with a lifespan of 10 to 17 years. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential.


Their double coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their fur in good condition. Brushing several times a week and occasional baths are recommended.


A balanced diet is essential to maintain their energy levels. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best food for your Border Collie’s specific needs.

Living Arrangements

Border Collies thrive in an environment where they have plenty of space to run and play. A house with a yard is ideal, but they can adapt to apartment living if provided with enough exercise.


In conclusion, Border Collie Dog Breed Characteristics encompass a wide range of traits that make them one of the most exceptional dog breeds. Their history, intelligence, temperament, and unique appearance all contribute to their popularity as pets and working dogs. By understanding their characteristics and needs, you can provide your Border Collie with a happy and fulfilling life.

Thank you for exploring the world of Border Collies with us. If you’re considering bringing one of these incredible dogs into your life, you’re sure to experience the joy and companionship they offer.


Are Border Collies good family dogs?

Yes, they are excellent family dogs, known for their loyalty and affection toward their human companions.

Do Border Collies shed a lot?

Yes, Border Collies do shed, especially during seasonal changes. Regular grooming can help manage their shedding.

Are Border Collies aggressive?

Generally, no. Border Collies are not known for aggression. However, proper socialization is essential to ensure they are well-behaved.

What type of exercise do Border Collies need?

Border Collies require both physical and mental exercise. Activities like fetch, agility training, and puzzle games are ideal.

Can Border Collies live in hot climates?

While they can adapt to warmer climates, it’s essential to provide shade and keep them hydrated during hot weather.

Are Border Collies good with children and other pets?

Yes, they are typically good with children and other pets, especially when socialized from a young age.

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