Guardian Dog (UKC)
Female: about 27.5 inches (70 cm)
Male: about 29.5 inches (75 cm)
Female: 90–130 pounds (41–59 kg)
Male: 110–150 pounds (50–68 kg)
Broholmer puppies usually range from $1,500 to $4,000 USD from a reputable breeder, owing to their rarity.
Disclaimer: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet.
The Broholmer will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard will do.
This breed needs a daily, long walk, where the dog is made to heel beside or behind the human holding the lead. Never in front. Like many other giant breeds it is important to remember that too much forced, vigorous exercise is not good for a young dog’s growth and development, so watch your puppy for any signs, but it still instinctually needs a daily walk.
Moderate Maintenance: Grooming should be performed regularly to keep its fur in good shape. Occasional trimming or stripping needed.
Hypoallergenic: UnknownFor the most part, the Broholmer is a healthy breed not prone to major health problems. As a giant-breed dog, however, it may be prone to developing certain musculoskeletal conditions like hip dysplasia, elbow
Seasonal Shedding: It sheds somewhat during both spring and autumn and a regular brush through is necessary.
Moderately Easy Training: Training won’t require too much attention and effort, though it won’t be easier than other breeds. Expect results to come gradually.
Broholmer Dog Breed Characteristics
The Broholmer is a rare molosser-type dog breed that originated in the Middle Ages as a guard dog in Denmark. After nearly going extinct in the 19th century, dedicated breeders worked to revive the breed starting in the 1920s. Today, the Broholmer is cherished for its calm, confident temperament and natural guarding instincts. While not commonly found outside of Denmark, the Broholmer is slowly gaining popularity worldwide as a family companion and guard dog.
In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at the history, appearance, temperament, training, exercise, health, puppies, and suitability of the magnificent Broholmer dog breed. Read on to learn all about this fascinating and captivating rare breed!
History of the Broholmer
The Broholmer has a long and storied history spanning many centuries. Let’s look at the origins, near extinction, and eventual revival of this rare Scandinavian breed.
Origins in the Middle Ages
The Broholmer breed dates back to the Middle Ages in Denmark. They served as guard dogs and protectors of the estates and castles of noblemen. Their name comes from a castle called Broholm on the island of Fyn where the breed is thought to have originated around the 1400s.
The Broholmer played an important role across Denmark for centuries, valued for its imposing size, natural protective instincts, and loyalty. Sadly, the breed fell out of favor and neared extinction by the late 1800s.
Near Extinction in the 19th Century
During the 19th century, the Broholmer population dwindled dangerously low. As industrialization took over and Denmark became more urbanized, there was less need for the breed’s guarding abilities. Its large size also became a liability, with new dog taxation laws charging owners based on their dog’s shoulder height.
By the early 1900s, the once-proud Broholmer was on the brink of disappearing altogether. Only a small handful of breeders continued to keep the line going until efforts could be made to save the beloved Danish breed from extinction.
Revival in the 20th Century
Starting in the 1920s, Danish breeders worked diligently to revive the scarce Broholmer population. Strict breeding practices were implemented to stabilize the breed type. By the late 1930s, the Broholmer had a breed club established and breed standard in place.
While World War II and breeding challenges slowed progress, fanciers persisted. The Danish Kennel Club recognized the Broholmer in 1966, and its numbers gradually increased. In the 1980s and onward, breeders worked to widen the gene pool and ensure a healthy Broholmer resurgence.
Today, the population is still small but sustainable, with an estimated 400-500 dogs worldwide. The Broholmer is recognized by major kennel clubs and registries globally as a protected national treasure of Denmark.
Appearance of the Broholmer
The Broholmer is a giant dog breed, with imposing size and stature. Let’s look closer at what makes these dogs so physically distinctive and eye-catching.
Broholmers are classified as a giant molosser breed. Males stand 32 to 35 inches tall at the shoulder, and females stand 29 to 32 inches. Weight ranges from 110 to 175 pounds. Their large size contributes to their historic role as guardian dogs.
Coat and Coloring
The Broholmer has a dense, moderately long double-coat. The outer coat is straight, coarse, and flat. The undercoat is soft for insulation. Coat colors include yellow, black, and fawn, often with white markings on the chest and toes. Grey and brindle coats are also sometimes seen.
The Broholmer has a powerful, rectangular body type with a broad skull and muzzle. It has pendant shaped floppy ears and a long, thick tail. The skin around the neck and dewlap is loose and elastic. Overall, the Broholmer has a rugged, imposing, yet regal appearance befitting its noble background.
Temperament of the Broholmer
Despite its giant size and guardian heritage, the Broholmer has a calm, steady demeanor. Let’s look at some of the breed’s key personality traits.
Loyal and Devoted
The Broholmer is exceptionally loyal and deeply devoted to its family or owner. This people-oriented breed bonds very closely and aims to please. With its loved ones, the Broholmer is gentle, calm, and affectionate.
Confident and Self-Assured
Bred for independent decision-making, the Broholmer is a confident, self-assured dog. They are watchful and alert to perceived threats. Their heritage as guard dogs lends itself to wariness of strangers. Early socialization is key.
Calm and Gentle
When properly socialized, the Broholmer shows its soft side. This breed tends to have a calm, steady temperament despite its imposing presence. Broholmers are gentle giants that remain patient with children.
Training a Broholmer
Proper training and socialization are essential for managing the Broholmer’s natural guarding instincts. Here’s how best to train these intelligent but sometimes stubborn dogs.
Socialization is Key
Extensive early socialization is vital for the Broholmer. Exposing them to many people, places, animals, sights and sounds from a young age helps avoid over-wariness and aggression issues. Continued socialization will be needed throughout their life.
Positive Reinforcement Works Best
Broholmers respond exceedingly well to positive reinforcement training methods. Food rewards, praise, toys, and treats motivate them to learn. Harsh corrections should be avoided, as they can damage the trust bond between dog and owner.
Obedience and Behavioral Training
While independent thinkers, Broholmers are highly intelligent and aim to please their families. Obedience training helps establish vital manners, commands, and impulse control. Behavioral training further socializes the breed while controlling its guarding tendencies.
Exercising a Broholmer
The Broholmer has moderate exercise needs but does require regular activity. Here are some top exercise tips for this giant breed.
Moderate Exercise Needs
Owners should aim to provide Broholmers with at least 60 minutes per day of exercise. Being large dogs bred for guarding estates, they have decent endurance and stamina. However, they are low to moderate in overall activity levels.
Long Walks and Free Play
Broholmers thrive on long daily walks paired with opportunities for free play in a yard. Monitoring their off-leash time is wise due to their potential to wander. Avoid strenuous exercise while young to prevent joint damage.
Warm Weather Precautions
Given their black, heat-absorbing coats, Broholmers tend to struggle in very hot climates. Care should be taken not to overexercise them in high temperatures and humidity. Access to shade, rest, and water is essential.
Health and Care of the Broholmer
Happily, the Broholmer is not plagued by many inherited health conditions common to giant breeds. Still, responsible ownership requires proper preventative care and nutrition.
Minor Health Concerns
Overall, the Broholmer is not prone to major genetic diseases. Potential issues to screen for include hip dysplasia, bone cancer, cystinuria, and entropion. With proper diet and exercise, they can live up to 10-12 years.
Proper Diet and Nutrition
Broholmers should be fed a high-quality commercial dog food formulated for large and giant breeds. Avoid overfeeding, as weight control is important. Monitor growth rates in puppies. Supplements like glucosamine may benefit bones and joints.
The Broholmer’s short-haired coat requires only occasional brushing to remove dead hair. Bathing is only needed a few times per year. Other routine care like nail trims, ear cleaning, and tooth brushing promote health and good hygiene.
What’s it like bringing home one of these rare puppies? Let’s look at some key factors when acquiring a Broholmer pup.
Finding a Reputable Breeder
Due to rarity, finding a Broholmer puppy can involve a waitlist. Reach out to the national breed club for breeder referrals. Screen breeders carefully for ethical practices. Expect health testing and buyer contracts.
Initial Puppy Costs
As a rare breed, Broholmer puppies typically cost between $2,000 to $4,000 USD from a quality breeder. Initial supplies like a crate, leash, toys, and bowls will require additional upfront investment as well.
Caring for a Broholmer Puppy
Raising a Broholmer puppy requires time dedication, patience, and plenty of positive reinforcement during training and socialization. Providing nutritious food, scheduled exercise and playtime, and veterinary care are also essential for supporting healthy development.
Is the Broholmer the Right Breed for You?
The Broholmer has many wonderful attributes, but determining if they are the right fit requires careful consideration.
Good with Kids and Families
Despite their imposing presence, Broholmers tend to do very well with children and families when properly socialized. Their calm, gentle nature allows them to tolerate kids well. Supervision is still required due to their large size.
Need for Moderate Exercise
While not extremely high-energy, prospective Broholmer owners should enjoy daily walks and regular activity. A home with a yard is ideal. The breed does best with room to move but not excessive demands.
Potential Drooling and Shedding
Broholmers may drool occasionally and go through moderate seasonal shedding. Their coat requires weekly brushing and is not hypoallergenic. Those with pet allergies may react to the Broholmer. Messiness and grooming needs are considerations.
The magnificent Broholmer is truly a special breed surrounded by a rich history and character. Devoted and calm, yet strong and self-assured, these rare Danish dogs can make wonderful companions and estate guardians for the right owners. With ample exercise, training, socialization, and preventative health care, Broholmers have the potential to become loyal family members and guardians for years to come.
How much does a Broholmer puppy cost?
Broholmer puppies usually range from $1,500 to $4,000 USD from a reputable breeder, owing to their rarity.
What kind of coat and grooming do Broholmers have?
The Broholmer has a short double-coat that requires occasional weekly brushing and bathing every few months. Moderate seasonal shedding is expected.
Are Broholmers good family dogs?
Yes, with proper socialization and training, Broholmers tend to be very loyal and affectionate dogs with families. They are gentle and tolerant of children but always supervised due to size.
Do Broholmers do well in hot weather?
Hot and humid climates can be difficult for Broholmers due to their black coats and risk of overheating. Access to shade, rest, and water is imperative if living in warmer regions.
What health issues do Broholmers face?
Broholmers are not prone to many major genetic conditions. Maintaining a lean weight along with screening for hip dysplasia and bone cancer is advised. With good preventative care, they can live up to 10-12 years.